How Asphalt Paving Works

Paving Companies Summerville SC is a great way to save time and money on road repairs. Unlike concrete, which requires long periods of time to cure and can be disrupted by traffic delays, asphalt can be paved overnight. Asphalt is made by combining aggregates (such as crushed stone, gravel, and sand) with bitumen, a black petroleum byproduct that holds the aggregate together. Different asphalt mixtures are created to match the specific needs of each project.

Asphalt paving must be compacted well in order to withstand the weight of vehicles and the stress that is applied over time. A poorly compacted surface can be prone to moisture damage, cracking and rutting. Great asphalt contractors understand the importance of proper compaction and work hard to ensure that the process is done correctly and efficiently.

The quality of the asphalt mix directly affects the compaction process. The aggregate in the mix should be angular to resist early wearing and have different sizes of gradations for optimal compaction. The aggregate should be coated with an asphalt binder to bind the individual particles together, which in turn increases the interparticle friction and reduces the air-void content in the finished pavement.

Once the asphalt mixture has been poured, it needs to be compacted while it is still hot. This can be accomplished by a special machine called a roller that applies large amounts of pressure to the asphalt. The roller moves in a specific pattern to create shear stress that compresses the asphalt and helps achieve high compaction.

There are a number of factors that influence the ability of an asphalt mix to be compacted, including the temperature of the mix as it comes out from under the paver screed and the thickness of the layer being placed. Environmental conditions such as wind velocity also impact the rate at which an HMA mix cools.

The type of equipment and rollers used in the compaction process is important as well. Static steel wheeled rollers, vibratory rollers and pneumatic tire rollers all have their own benefits and limitations. A good contractor will use a combination of these machines to ensure that the final pavement is as compact and strong as possible.

Asphalt is a mixture of aggregates (crushed stone, gravel, and/or sand), binder, and filler that’s used for roads, parking lots, and driveways. High-quality aggregates are carefully screened and tested to ensure that the finished product meets certain specifications. The mixture is also heated to a high temperature, which helps it bond and set. The most common type of asphalt is called hot mix.

Before any asphalt can be laid, the sub base layer must be properly undercut. This is done by digging down two to three feet under the existing surface and replacing soft clay or soil with a more durable aggregate material. 

Once the sub base is undercut and repaired it’s time to add the binder layer. The binder is large aggregate mixed with oil and it’s the foundation that all asphalt surfaces are built upon. Once the binder is applied, a smooth and jet black finish can be created.

In addition to traditional asphalt, can use a cold mix asphalt (CMA). This is made by grinding recycled pavement and mixing it with an additive that lowers the melting point of the bitumen. This results in a more sustainable, environmentally friendly material. This alternative to hot asphalt also requires less energy during the paving process and produces significantly fewer fumes. This makes CMA an ideal option for projects with strict environmental guidelines.

In order for an asphalt pavement to withstand the forces of traffic and temperature fluctuations, it needs to be built strong. This is where a good paving contractor pays off. The base course of a pavement is essential because it’s the load-bearing layer and the structure that distributes the stress of vehicle traffic over the entire foundation layer. It also needs to be resistant to cracking, rutting and fatigue. A reputable paving contractor will use the best quality materials to construct this layer.

This is typically a mixture of emulsified or cutback asphalt and unheated mineral aggregate prepared in a central mixing plant and spread and compacted using conventional paving equipment while at or near ambient temperature. The mixture is often spread over a base course and placed in a layer up to 4.5 inches deep.

Ideally, the binder will be a highly durable material that will resist deformation caused by heavy loads on the base course, yet be soft enough to promote good compaction. It should also be of high workability, meaning it will be easy to place and compact and should provide a smooth surface for traffic. It is also important that the binder be able to bind the aggregate together.

Researchers at TFHRC are investigating new ways to look at the performance of asphalt binders. Previously, all testing of asphalt binders focused on engineering properties like stiffness. However, these tests don’t give a full picture of what the binder is made up of.

One concern is that many of the binders used in asphalt paving are being produced with recycled oil base (REOB). These binders may pass standardized engineering tests, but they perform miserably in Hamburg physical rut testing and have a low stiffness at low temperatures, which is an issue for highways and other long-distance road construction.

Once the old surface is removed and any soft areas of the base are repaired, it’s time to lay the asphalt. It is important to make sure the asphalt surface is smooth and even for safe driving. This step involves grading the transition from old to new surfaces as well as testing the water drainage and compaction. This is done using a variety of small to large machinery like bobcats, forklifts and front loaders.

Before laying the asphalt, contractors must first make sure the mixture is at the right temperature. This is done by reading the temperature with a fast-reacting thermal probe or a depth thermometer. The asphalt must be hot enough to work with but not too hot to burn the workers or damage the equipment.

The base layer of the asphalt is made from a mix of aggregate rock material and binder. Aggregate materials may be recycled or reused, which helps reduce the environmental impact of the paving project. The aggregates are blended with a binding agent, most commonly bitumen. The bitumen binds the aggregates together and also provides the structure of the finished asphalt. Today, some companies are also developing more sustainable binders, including those that use recycled materials or waste byproducts.

Once the binder layer has been applied and compacted, the asphalt paver is ready to be rolled out. To ensure the proper thickness of the asphalt, the paver is fitted with a screed unit that determines the profile of the HMA being placed. The screed controls the amount of asphalt being extruded, allowing for the correct mat thickness and initial compaction. The asphalt is then spread evenly across the area and rolled over with rollers to achieve a smooth finish.

In asphalt paving, curing is the process by which the asphalt hardens and is ready for traffic use. The curing process requires time and environmental conditions to be just right for the asphalt to achieve its full strength and durability. There are several factors that can affect the curing time, including the weather and temperature.

The evaporation of water from the surface of the asphalt is the primary factor in determining how long it takes for the asphalt to cure. Humidity is another important consideration as high humidity slows evaporation and makes it take longer for the asphalt to dry. Similarly, extremely cold temperatures make it harder for the asphalt to evaporate and cause it to take longer to cure.

It is also important to have good drainage on the project site. Any standing water can damage the asphalt and prevent it from fully curing. In addition, it is necessary to ensure that the asphalt is not exposed to any chemicals, such as salt or de-icing products, until it is completely cured.

If a contractor uses a curing compound, it is important to follow the directions carefully to ensure that the compound performs correctly. If the compound is applied too soon, it will interfere with the evaporation of water from the asphalt and lead to poor performance. The curing compound may also interfere with the ability of the asphalt to oxidize and release excess oils.

Asphalt can be cured in various ways, including with hot mix, warm mix, and cold mix asphalt. In addition, newer technologies, such as recycled asphalt resurfacing (RAS), allow pavements to be constructed without any heating at all. Despite the differences, all asphalt needs to be cured properly before it can be used.

Choosing the Right Domain Name for Your Roofing Company

Choosing the right domain name is important to your Roofing Company online presence. It acts as your website’s web address and is how customers will find you.


This roofing site’s homepage starts with a sharp drone video that shouts hard work and quality. The rest of the site is clean and organized with their services clearly categorized and a blog section that shares helpful tips.

We are a professional roofing company with a history of excellence and countless industry awards. Whether it’s a roof repair, replacement or installation, we’ll help you find the best solution. We specialize in residential, commercial and industrial roofing. Our services include shingle and flat roofing, snow removal, rodent infestation control, roof maintenance and more.

Roofing is a rugged business and accidents can and do happen. Insurance is the only way to protect your company, your customers and yourself against damage to property or injury. Typical insurance policies include general liability, workers’ compensation and equipment coverage. We also offer a variety of financing options for our customers.


A good roofing company will offer a wide variety of services, from roof installation to repair and maintenance. These services are crucial to keep the structure of your home intact. It is also important to use a quality roofing material. You can choose from a number of materials, including asphalt shingles. These are the most popular and affordable roofing products. Lastly, a good roofing company should have the right equipment to perform their work. This includes a ladder, a shingle pitching tool, and hand tools such as a shingle hatchet. You should also get a truck that is suited for roofing.

The services that roofing companies provide can include a number of things, from inspections and estimates to insurance claims processing. During an inspection, a roofing contractor will evaluate the condition of a roof, and determine if it is in need of repair or replacement. They will also provide advice about the best roofing materials and products for a particular roof.

Once a roofing contractor has completed an inspection, they will be able to provide a detailed estimate for the repair or replacement of a roof. They will then submit this to the homeowner for approval. The customer will then sign a contract that outlines the terms of the job. The roofing contractor will then schedule a time to complete the repairs or replacement.

A roofing contractor’s services can also include repairing and replacing gutters and downspouts. They may also offer painting and staining services. Some companies also provide mold remediation services, as well as cleaning and repair of siding, chimneys, and windows.

Depending on the size of your roofing business, you will need to have the proper insurance coverage in place. This will protect you from damage to property or injury to people. In addition to general liability insurance, you will need workers’ compensation and vehicle insurance for your business vehicles.

Many reputable roofing contractors will have websites that showcase their past work and have contact information for potential customers. They may even have a blog that provides tips for homeowners regarding the care of their roofs. These are great ways to generate organic, exclusive leads. In addition to a website, you should have an email marketing campaign in place to stay top of mind with your prospects and clients.

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A good roofing company will know how to manage all aspects of a re-roofing project, including sourcing materials and labor, scheduling tasks and managing contractors. They will also be able to address unexpected problems that may arise during the job, and ensure that the work is completed on time and within budget.

Once you have identified potential candidates, verify their licensing and insurance coverage. Contact your local chamber of commerce, Better Business Bureau and your state or provincial government for information on licenses required to operate in your area. You should also be aware that some municipalities require a contracting permit to conduct work in their jurisdictions, so make sure to check with your city hall for the latest rules and regulations.

Creating a professional image for your roofing company is key to winning new clients. Consider getting a well-signed vehicle, with your business name and phone number clearly displayed. You should also have a small website and mobile phone website, as well as a free business listing on Google and other online directories. You should also have a portfolio of “before and after” photographs to show prospective customers.

During the estimate process, look for a roofing contractor who offers written estimates that are clear and detailed. Avoid contractors who refuse to give you a written estimate or try to pressure you into signing a vague or cookie cutter contract. Also, be wary of any contractors who insist on handling your insurance claim from the beginning – this is a common scam!


When homeowners are looking for a roofing contractor, they often turn to online reviews to gauge a company’s quality of work and customer service. While all of these review websites can provide valuable information, it’s important to take them with a grain of salt and not trust just one source.

A reputable roofing contractor will have multiple reviews from several different online sources that Google recognizes. This will give you a much better idea of whether or not the company is legitimate. A good roofing company will also have a website that is professional and easy to navigate.

Choosing Pool Fences That Are Four Feet Tall

To prevent drowning incidents, the CPSC recommends pool fences that are at least four feet tall. Thankfully, there are many stylish options available that will meet this requirement and also complement the design of your backyard.

Pool Fences

For example, a classic wooden fence provides privacy and can be adorned with flower beds or shrubs for a decorative touch. Another option is a wrought iron fence that can feature ornate designs. Click Here for more information.

When it comes to pool fences, wooden fences can be quite charming. They can be raw, which means that they don’t have any sort of paint or treatment on them, or they can be painted in a classic white picket style. They can also be made out of cypress, pine, or other types of wood. If you’re going for a raw, rustic look, it’s important to be aware that these type of fences require a lot of maintenance and are prone to rot or mildew.

Other types of wood fences include oak wood, which has a distinctively beautiful color with visible wavy grain notes. It can also be treated to withstand water, making it one of the more durable pool fence options. Oak fences are typically quite expensive, however.

Pinewood is another wood fence option that’s inexpensive and highly durable. It’s also a good choice for areas that receive a lot of rainfall, as it has a natural resistance to water. It’s also a great option for homeowners who want to preserve their view without losing the safety of a fence. You can even pair it with a garden or landscaping for added effect. When using wood fences, it’s vital to treat them with a water-resistant preservative.

Picket Fences

One of the most classic fence designs, the picket fence brings a touch of nostalgia to a pool landscape while providing a barrier for safety. These fences, which are generally 3-4 feet tall and 8-10 feet long, can be prefabricated at home centers or lumberyards to make them easy for DIYers to install. They’re also available in a wide range of design styles and materials.

Wooden and vinyl picket fences are both durable options, but they require regular cleaning to remove debris like leaves and dirt. Both can also be spruced up with the addition of garden ornaments or plants to create an attractive, decorative fence that complements your pool landscaping.

If you’re going for a metal picket fence, look for options that are galvanized to reduce the risk of corrosion. You may be able to find options that match your roof’s color, and you can choose from different picket designs and caps, including squared points or elongated Victorian shapes.

Glass Fences

Glass fences are sleek and offer a beautiful addition to your swimming pool. They are also a good deterrent for kids and pets who may want to get into the water. They are available in a wide range of styles including curved and straight panels. They are easy to maintain and clean. You can also get them in different colours to match the style of your home. They don’t react to chemicals like chlorine and are durable enough to last a long time.

Regardless of the type of glass fence you choose, it’s important to install it correctly. The bases for the glass fences should be securely attached to the surface of your pool decking. The bases can be surface mount or core drilled. A professional installer can recommend the right option for your property.

Glass fences provide a physical barrier that is strong, but completely transparent. It isn’t a privacy fence so you won’t be able to block out the view from the inside of your home. Glass gates are also available to complete your fencing system. They visually integrate with the fence and have unique hinges to allow them to swing open. The doors are also made of tempered glass to ensure their strength and durability.

Mesh Fences

While pool parties and family swimming sessions are a staple of summer, they can come with a lot of chaos. Children and pets can be a real nuisance by the water, and without proper fencing around your pool, you could find yourself in a sticky situation. The best way to keep kids and pets out of the pool is with a mesh fence, a type of barrier that combines transparency with strength.

There are two main types of mesh pool fences: permanent and removable. Removable ones are easily installed and removed by a professional. They are also a more affordable option than glass or wooden fences, making them a popular choice for families.

A permanent mesh fence is typically secured in concrete footings and offers a constant barrier around your pool. These are more suited for households with children or pets, as they provide greater security and safety. However, they do not offer the flexibility of a removable pool fence. A permanent fence can still be a good choice for you, but make sure to consider local laws and regulations before choosing one. When considering a permanent pool fence, look at key factors like height, marine grade mesh quality, pole strength and a self-closing gate.

Aluminum Fences

Aluminum fences are sturdy and hard to break, making them a great choice for pool safety. They can be made in a variety of heights to meet local code requirements. They also come with safety latches that open from the top to prevent children from entering your pool area when adults are not present.

These fences are easy to install and are rust resistant, unlike their wrought iron counterparts. They typically need little maintenance work, other than a quick wipe down with a cloth to remove dust and debris. They don’t need painting or staining, which can save you money over time.

If you are looking for a more decorative look that can also meet local pool codes, an aluminum fence is the way to go. They come in a wide variety of colors and heights, and are usually HOA approved. However, they don’t offer much privacy and are open to light and air.

When installing a new aluminum fence it is important to keep in mind that your pool must be 3-4 feet away from the edge of the fence to meet local pool code. Make sure to measure your space and create a diagram with your measurements before purchasing your fence panels. This will help ensure that you can get your fence installed quickly and efficiently.

Concrete Half Walls

If you’re looking for a pool fence that will blend into your landscape rather than stand out as an eye-catching design element, consider concrete half walls. While they may not be as visually appealing as other fencing options, they’re durable enough to last for years and are easy to paint or stain. Plus, they’re often required by law to meet swimming pool safety standards set by ASTM committees.

Aside from meeting legal requirements, a concrete fence offers a number of other advantages over more traditional styles. For example, you can shape the slats to create a unique pattern that will complement your landscape and add visual interest to your yard. Horizontal wooden slats also allow air and light to circulate, making your pool deck feel more spacious.

As with any project, it’s important to follow the proper safety precautions and use specialized tools when working on a pool fence project. You should avoid using hardware that isn’t rated for concrete work, as it will likely damage the lumber and the cement floor. Epoxy glue can be used in conjunction with hardware to help stabilize a half wall on the concrete, but be sure that the adhesive you choose is specifically for wood-to-concrete applications.

Vinyl Fences

A vinyl fence can be a great addition to your pool area, giving you privacy and safety as you unwind in the water. This type of fence is often less expensive than wood fences and it can last much longer. It also doesn’t need staining or painting to maintain its look. However, it can be more difficult to install than a wood fence.

It’s important to buy a vinyl fence from a reputable dealer and manufacturer to ensure you’re getting the highest quality. These companies will stand behind their products and provide a warranty for peace of mind. The warranty will cover repairs or replacements should anything go wrong with the fence.

Vinyl fences are made from PVC (polyvinyl chloride) resin combined with special ingredients for impact strength and durability. They are available in a variety of colors and styles from short pickets to full privacy fences. It’s also possible to find textured vinyl for a more natural appearance.

Depending on the style of vinyl fence you choose, you may need to purchase special rail inserts for it to be code compliant. This method of securing the rails inside the posts makes it nearly impossible to remove the rail without practically tearing down the post too.

Excellent Advice From Pro Driveway Contractors

Driveway Contractors

Your driveway is one of the most visible features on your property. If it is in disrepair, your home’s curb appeal may suffer.

Oftentimes, driveway installation is a project best left to the pros. However, finding a professional company can be tricky. Here are a few tips to help you make the right decision:

1. Do Your Research

Your driveway is the first thing visitors see when they come to your home, and it’s important that it makes a good impression. To do so, you need to choose the right contractor. While you may be tempted to hire the first company you find, doing some research can help you make an informed decision. Here are some things to keep in mind when doing your research:

Asking about the contractor’s experience is a great way to determine their quality of work and whether they’re the right fit for your project. An experienced contractor will have more practical knowledge in the field, and they’ll likely be better equipped to handle any issues that might arise during the project.

You should also consider asking about their experience with other clients. You can do this by asking for references or by checking online reviews. You can also ask about the contractor’s response time and overall customer service.

Another important question to ask is how long they’ve been in business. It’s best to hire a concrete driveway contractor with at least a few years of experience. This will ensure that they have the skills and tools necessary to complete the project on time and within budget.

You can also ask about their crew’s size and how many people will be working on your driveway. This will give you a better idea of how long it will take for the project to be completed and what their work ethic is like.

You should also make sure that the contractor has insurance and a valid license. It’s also a good idea to check with the Better Business Bureau to see if they have any unresolved complaints. A company with a high BBB rating is more likely to provide a smooth and stress-free experience for their customers. You should also avoid hiring contractors with a lot of unresolved complaints.

2. Get Quotes

When hiring a contractor for critical flatwork projects like repairing or installing driveways it is best to have everything in writing. This ensures that all parties involved understand the scope of work, how much is owed upfront and any warranties and guarantees. A well drafted contract will also help you avoid any potential conflict in the future.

A professional driveway contractor should be able to provide you with a quote within a day or so of your on-site assessment. It should be clearly itemized and a list of materials and labor charges should be included as well. There are many factors that impact the price of a driveway installation, but an honest contractor will be able to give you a good idea of what to expect based on their experience.

Inquire about whether they are a licensed and insured business. A reliable and established contractor should be able to provide you with proof of this along with their references. A license is a guarantee that they are operating legally and their employees have liability insurance in the event of any accidents during a project.

Make sure you ask if they have any other accreditations or certifications for the type of driveway construction you need. This could include a specialized training in certain types of installation or certifications for specific types of materials. This will show you their level of expertise in the field and can be a great indicator of their professionalism.

Finally, don’t be afraid to ask for a reference from a previous client. Not only will this give you an idea of the contractor’s quality of work, but it will also allow you to see how their finished product looks in person.

Ultimately, a driveway installation is a major investment and one that you will be living with for years to come. By taking the time to find the right contractor, you can be sure that you are making the best decision for your property. Follow these simple steps and you can rest assured that you will be able to enjoy your new driveway for years to come!

3. Ask Questions

While you are comparing your shortlisted concrete driveway contractors, take the opportunity to ask some important questions. Inquire about their years of experience and portfolio, and pay attention to how they respond. If they rush you or don’t answer questions clearly, this may be a sign that they’ll be rushed on the job too.

Also, ask about their team structure. It’s nice to know who you’ll be working with, especially if the project will span multiple days. A good contractor will be able to tell you who they’ll send out each day and provide a clear schedule of the work.

Finally, be sure to ask the contractors if they can work with your timeline. It’s best to work this question into the conversation early on in your shortlisting process, but it is important to be flexible and ask about alternate timelines if the contractor isn’t able to accommodate you.

4. Make the Right Decision

Choosing the right driveway contractor will ensure that you have a high-quality, functional asset that boosts your home’s curb appeal. It’s a major project, so be sure to interview candidates thoroughly and consider their experience and work ethic before making your decision.

It’s also a good idea to ask potential contractors about their licensing and insurance coverage. This will help you avoid any scams and protect yourself if anything goes wrong during the project. Ideally, you should work with a professional who is willing to provide detailed estimates for the work and materials involved in your driveway project.

Another key question to ask potential contractors is whether they are able to accommodate your schedule and budget. A reliable contractor will have no problem working around your availability, and they’ll also be able to give you a fair price for the work that needs to be done. Be wary of any contractors that are unwilling to work with your schedule or budget, as they may not be a good fit for you.

Finally, it’s important to ask potential contractors for references and testimonials from past customers. This will help you get a better sense of the quality of their work and customer service. If possible, try to make a visit to see previous projects and get a firsthand look at how they stand up against heavy use and the elements.

If you follow these tips, you should have no trouble finding a quality driveway contractor to handle your flatwork project. Avoid falling victim to high-pressure sales techniques and inexperienced contractors by asking the questions listed above. Taking the time to find the right contractor will pay off in the long run with a new concrete driveway that lasts for years to come.

Having the right driveway is an investment that will improve your home’s curb appeal and increase its value. A professional-quality driveway will endure the test of time and will be a great addition to your property. To start the search for a driveway contractor, consult with friends, family members, and neighbors who have had similar flatwork projects. Then, ask for referrals from past clients and conduct thorough research on the company’s website and social media pages.